The Author of the Article: Dt. Kerem Adalet
There are 4 different methods for teeth bleaching. At-Home Teeth Bleaching In-Office Teeth Bleaching (Bleaching at the clinic) Single Tooth Bleaching (Bleaching a tooth that underwent root canal treatment from the inside out) Combined Bleaching (Bleaching applied both at home and the clinic)
If the color of your teeth is close to white and you want to make them only a few shades lighter, laser or at-home dental bleaching may suffice. However, if your teeth are discolored because of smoking or drinking too much coffee or tea, the most effective bleaching method would be the combined bleaching method. In order for us to decide on the appropriate tooth bleaching method, you must undergo an examination.
Personalized dental bleaching trays are prepared by taking an impression from inside the patient’s mouth. A certain amount of bleaching gel (10 to 15% carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide) is applied to the trays.
It is a treatment that takes 10 to 15 days if the trays are used for 4 to 6 hours during the day or 8 to 10 days if the trays are used at night while sleeping.
For at-home teeth bleaching, it is very important not to apply bleaching gel to the trays more than indicated. Otherwise, the gel will overflow from the trays, irritating gums. In such a case, you should wash the gums immediately, apply the vitamin E to the irritated surface and contact the dentist.
It is a teeth bleaching method applied at the clinic. It is a suitable method for patients who have time constraints. The application time is shorter than the other methods. The bleaching gel is applied to teeth by a dentist and activated using UV light or laser. The procedure takes an average of 1 hour. This procedure is also known as "Laser bleaching".
In this method, at-home and in-office bleaching methods are applied in a combined fashion. After application at the office or clinic, the procedure is reinforced with at-home bleaching for 2 to 3 days.
Just as with other bleaching methods, after biological bleaching, especially in the first two weeks after the procedure, all colored drinks such as tea, coffee, and wine, soft drinks, such as coke, and tobacco products should be avoided. Otherwise, teeth may discolor early after the bleaching.
It is applied to teeth that discolor after root canal treatment. The filling in the tooth is removed, whitening gel is applied to that void, and then the tooth is covered with a temporary filling. The sessions are repeated at 3-day intervals until the desired color is achieved.
If the root canal filling is well-insulated, there is usually no harm.
Bleaching may cause a little teeth sensitivity. This sensitivity may be to air, as well as to hot or cold food and drinks. This is a normal and expected side effect. The teeth sensitivity is expected to disappear within 24 to 48 hours. A physician should be consulted in case of an unexpected situation.
Lifelong physiological coloration Discoloration after amalgam filling Use of antibiotics in infancy Use of antibiotics during pregnancy Color change from inside the tooth due to root canal treatment Staining of tooth surface due to the consumption of coffee, tea, tobacco, red wine, and long-term mouthwash usage Discoloration because of bleeding inside the tooth due to tissue death, as a result of trauma
Dental bleaching is a process of removing the colored organic and inorganic substances formed in the porous enamel and dentin structures on the surface of the teeth using bleaching gels.
It may vary from individual to individual. The average time for teeth bleaching is 2 to 3 weeks. Discoloration caused by the use of antibiotics is more difficult to eliminate and in such cases, it may take longer to achieve the desired result.
Bleaching trays should be cleaned. After the trays are used, they should be washed with cold water and liquid soap, rinsed thoroughly, and kept in the provided tray box.
After bleaching, teeth gradually discolor over time. Discoloration reoccurs in 6 months to 1 year depending on patient's frequency of consuming colored drinks (tea, coffee, wine, coke, etc.) and smoking. The bleaching becomes permanent when repeated every 4 to 6 months for 1 or 2 sessions.
During and for 2 days after bleaching, colored liquids such as tea, coffee, wine, and coke, as well as tobacco products, should definitely be avoided. Otherwise, the process will have an adverse effect and the teeth will be further discolored.
As long as it is performed by a dentist, teeth bleaching is completely harmless for the teeth.
The laser bleaching method is used to activate the bleaching agent applied to the enamel surfaces and to shorten the duration of the procedure.